• Optimism OP
  • ( -4.26 % )
  • Rank #52
  • Coins


₹ 168.82

Contracts : Optimism : 0x420...0000042   

  • Rank #52
  • Coins

Market Cap

₹174.25 B -2.8339%

Circulating Supply


Max Supply



₹18.66 B

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Optimism (OP)

Optimism (OP) operates as a layer-two blockchain that functions atop the Ethereum network. Leveraging the security of the Ethereum mainnet, Optimism employs optimistic rollups to enhance the scalability of the broader Ethereum ecosystem. In this architecture, transactions are initially recorded on Optimism and subsequently validated and secured on the Ethereum blockchain in a trustless manner. As one of Ethereum's prominent scaling solutions, Optimism has attracted significant attention, boasting a total value locked (TVL) surpassing $500 million. The platform hosts an array of protocols, featuring notable names such as Synthetix (SNX), a derivatives exchange, Uniswap (UNI), a decentralized exchange, and Velodrome (VELO), an automated market maker. Users interested in utilizing Optimism can engage by integrating the chain within their Metamask wallet and bridging assets like ETH to the Layer 2 solution. Furthermore, Optimism recently conducted a much-anticipated airdrop of its OP token on May 31, 2022.


The direction of Optimism is steered by the Optimism Foundation, a nonprofit entity committed to nurturing the expansion of the Optimism ecosystem. In alignment with Ethereum's objectives, Optimism strives to evolve into a completely decentralized public resource devoid of profit motives. The platform's financial sustenance is exclusively sourced from donations and grants. It pledges its efforts towards creating infrastructural elements that foster the advancement and long-term viability of public resources.

What makes it unique?

Optimism adopts a streamlined approach in constructing its Ethereum layer-two solution, focusing on minimizing complexity and leveraging established Ethereum code and infrastructure whenever feasible. By maintaining simplicity in its codebase and collaborating directly with existing codebases, Optimism aims for efficiency.

The ecosystem places a strong emphasis on practicality, aligning its trajectory with the genuine needs and limitations of both its team and ecosystem users. This practical approach drives iterative development and the gradual integration of features like EVM equivalence.

Optimism's design strategy centers on long-term sustainability, deliberately sidestepping shortcuts in favor of scalability. Through optimistic rollups, the platform harnesses Ethereum's consensus mechanism to scale effectively. Block formation and execution transpire on Layer 2 (Optimism), while user transactions are bundled and submitted to Layer 1 (Ethereum). Layer 2 refrains from maintaining a mempool, promptly confirming or rejecting transactions to ensure seamless user interactions, all while upholding security via Ethereum's consensus mechanism.

Ethereum-bound transactions lack immediate proof of validity but can be contested within a specified timeframe (currently seven days). Beyond this period, transactions attain finality. This framework underlies the seven-day duration required for withdrawals from Optimism to Ethereum, ensuring a secure and robust process.

Network security

Optimism employs a technology known as optimistic rollups to enhance the efficiency and scalability of its second-layer blockchain. With optimistic rollups, transactions are recorded on this secondary layer in a trustless manner. Periodic Merkle roots, which serve as cryptographic summaries of batches of transactions, are then communicated to the primary or first-layer blockchain, which in this case is Ethereum. These Merkle roots encapsulate the information about the transactions without divulging specific details, preserving privacy and security.

To ensure the accuracy of these Merkle roots and validate the transactions, external validators play a crucial role. These validators are responsible for verifying the correctness of the transactions included in the Merkle roots. This validation process ensures the integrity of the transactions without the need for each individual transaction to be directly recorded on the first-layer blockchain.

However, a distinctive characteristic of optimistic rollups is the delay introduced in withdrawing funds from the second-layer blockchain back to the first-layer blockchain. This delay is typically around one week. During this timeframe, the community and network participants have the opportunity to scrutinize and challenge any potentially fraudulent transactions or discrepancies. This process contributes to maintaining the security and reliability of the system. After the challenge period concludes and the transactions are confirmed as legitimate, the withdrawal of funds from the second layer to the first layer can proceed with increased confidence in their validity. This delay mechanism adds an extra layer of security to the process while maintaining the scalability benefits of layer-two solutions like optimistic rollups.

Recent developments

The OP Stack, developed with modularity and scalability in mind, has proven to be highly adaptable and widely embraced by the Ethereum community. Introduced as an open-source public good, it has garnered significant innovation and adoption, leading to the introduction of the Law of Chains v0, a crucial step towards the Superchain future. The Law of Chains establishes a foundation for defining the MVP of the Superchain, aiming to unify the diverse OP Stack chains into a collective that upholds open and decentralized block space.

This framework addresses the challenges of proliferation, fragmentation, and the complexity of evaluating various chains. It lays out guiding principles for Optimism Governance and the Superchain, shifting from governing individual chains to governing a shared standard for multiple chains. By enumerating different stakeholders and setting expectations, the Law of Chains seeks to ensure homogeneous, neutral, and open blockspace while protecting users, developers, and stakeholders. It's a commitment to constant improvement and better infrastructure, backed by Optimism Governance.

The Law of Chains emphasizes collaboration, standards, and user protection within the Superchain ecosystem. While it applies to OP Chains that choose to be part of the Superchain, it doesn't impose restrictions on the use of the OP Stack. The community's feedback is sought to refine the framework further, with community discussion being integral to its development. The draft's contributors, including Jesse Pollak, Rowan Stone, and others, have played a significant role in its formulation. After community iterations, the next governance season is expected to introduce the finalized Law of Chains alongside the governance process for new chains to join the Superchain.

Future developments 

coming soon....

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