Market Cap

₹27.69 B 0.8701%

Circulating Supply


Max Supply



₹3.32 B

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Dash, an open-source blockchain and cryptocurrency, was introduced in January 2014 with the aim of creating a decentralized global payments network that is swift, cost-effective, and prioritizes user privacy. Derived from the concept of "digital cash," Dash set out to enhance the limitations of Bitcoin (BTC) by providing heightened transaction speed and improved privacy features.

Functioning as a fork of Litecoin (LTC), Dash has evolved significantly, incorporating distinctive elements into its framework. The project employs a two-tier network structure that includes incentivized nodes, particularly "masternodes," and embraces decentralized project governance. Noteworthy features encompass InstantSend, enabling instantaneous settlement of payments, ChainLocks, ensuring instant immutability of the Dash blockchain, and PrivateSend, offering an optional layer of privacy for transactions.

The innovative approach of Dash positions it as a robust contender in the cryptocurrency landscape, addressing key concerns from its predecessor, Bitcoin. By combining elements of speed, cost-effectiveness, and privacy, Dash endeavors to establish itself as a leading digital cash solution in the ever-evolving realm of blockchain and cryptocurrency.


Dash was founded by software developers Evan Duffield and Kyle Hagan, originating as XCoin before a swift transition to Darkcoin two weeks later. The project underwent a subsequent rebranding in March 2015, adopting the name Dash to improve its public perception.

Evan Duffield, with a background in software development and finance gained at Hawk Financial Group, conceptualized Dash in 2012. His initial motivation was to enhance the anonymity of Bitcoin, leading to the project's original designation as Darkcoin. Duffield's coding prowess enabled him to transform this idea into a functional cryptocurrency over a single weekend, initially pursuing Dash as a hobby project. Serving as CEO of Dash Core Group, the entity supporting Dash's ongoing development and integrations, Duffield remained at the helm until December 2017 when he shifted his focus to other strategic initiatives.

Kyle Hagan, a co-author of the original Darkcoin whitepaper alongside Duffield, played a key role in the project's early stages but departed in December 2014. The collaboration between Duffield and Hagan reflects the dynamic origins of Dash and its evolution into a prominent cryptocurrency in the blockchain landscape.

What makes Dash Unique? 

Dash distinguishes itself with a clear mission: to become the world's most user-friendly and scalable cryptocurrency centered on payments. The project achieves this objective through a unique infrastructure of masternodes—servers supported by Dash collateral—empowered to deliver secure advanced services and govern the proposal system. Masternodes, receiving a portion of block rewards, contribute a second layer of services, enabling features like InstantSend, PrivateSend, and ChainLocks.

Targeting both individual users and institutions, including merchants, financial services, traders, and international remittance senders, Dash focuses on broad market appeal. As of October 2020, Dash Core Group outlined strategic priorities such as ecosystem and brand development, user satisfaction, and continual technological advancement.

Dash's governance system, known as the treasury, allocates 10% of block rewards to project development in a competitive and decentralized manner. This innovative approach has spurred the creation of various funded entities, notably Dash Core Group. Furthermore, the Dash Foundation, dedicated to promoting cryptocurrency adoption, sustains itself through donations and offers paid memberships for both individuals and institutions. This comprehensive strategy positions Dash as a versatile and dynamic cryptocurrency with a strong emphasis on user experience, scalability, and decentralized governance.

How Is the Dash Network Secured?

Dash employs a two-tier network structure to ensure the security of its transactions. In the initial tier, nodes engage in mining operations utilizing a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus protocol. In this system, nodes compete to solve intricate cryptographic problems, and a minimum of 51% node approval is requisite for a transaction to be appended to the blockchain.

The PoW algorithm integral to Dash is known as "X11," a custom hashing algorithm devised by Dash founder Evan Duffield. Comprising a sequence of 11 hashing algorithms, X11 is lauded in Dash's documentation as one of the most secure and sophisticated cryptographic hashes utilized in modern cryptocurrencies.

The second tier features masternodes that operate under a proof-of-service consensus algorithm. Masternodes receive ratings based on their track record of providing valuable services to the network. These nodes assume a supervisory role, possessing the authority to reject improperly approved new blocks added by nodes. Additionally, masternodes play a pivotal role in implementing Dash's ChainLocks feature, enhancing security by subjecting all newly added blocks to confirmation by a rotating group of masternodes every 12 hours. This measure, as asserted by Dash's developers, fortifies the network against potential 51% attacks, contributing to the overall robustness of the cryptocurrency's infrastructure.

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